Important to know. Honestly sometimes I look at the “cute” photos of animals in distress circling the internet and I get so angry over the ignorance.
I should make one of these for reptiles, but there’s so many to cover…
A dog isn’t certainly stressed because it yawns. Their calming signals aren’t only limited to stress situations, and may be displayed when the dog is excited, for example.
It really has to do with the rest of the dogs body language and behavior, not just a yawn.
Of course, understanding what calming signals are is important, but it’s not a given that a dog is stressed when showing calming signals, is what I want to say.
Also that fox does not appear to be anxious. Foxes will grimace, flatten their ears and close their eyes when they’re very excited or content. An anxious fox will flatten itself against the ground or arch it’s back and try to keep as far away from the source of anxiety as possible. Nothing about that fox’s body language says anxiety or fear.
Remember, context and body language is very important and every species has it’s own unique ways of displaying happiness or fear. Just because it may be a sign of anxiety in one animal does not mean it is so for another (think wagging tails; in dogs this is often a happy signal, while it cats it means they’re very unhappy! Wagging tails in dogs can also be a sign of anxiety and nervousness depending on the situation. Animal behavior is not a one-size fits all)
For more than ten years, from 1961 to the mid 1970’s, the Pinellas Manufacturers Association and Pinellas County Industrial Council hosted one of the largest industrial shows in central Florida. With the aerospace industry incredibly popular and rapidly developing, the county wanted to attract business and contracts to bolster their niche in that economy. The Pinellas County Industrial and Aerospace Exhibition was held to do just that.
From 1961-1968, the exhibition was held at St Pete-Clearwater International Airport. At this location, not only were exhibitors showcasing their products and concepts, but airshows were given to the public by local and national military teams.
Held during the height of the space age, it is not surprising that NASA was among the exhibitors, and one of the most popular. Three of NASA’s facilities, the Goddard Space Flight Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, and Kennedy Space Center lent displays for the exhibition. Of the six years I found definitive proof of participation, the exhibits largely remained the same, with new items being added only when NASA’s use for them was completed.
The exhibition’s popularity and success caused it to move to the newly completed Bayfront Center in downtown St Petersburg, where NASA continued to display their hardware. Such an event helped NASA ‘sell’ the Apollo program, both to industry, as the Exposition hoped to accomplish, and to the general public in terms of support. This would ensure that the program would continue to create and meet goals that the science community wanted.
1965:29-31 January. This is the first year in which I would any mention of the exhibition, even though it was started in 1961. A large display of United States launch vehicles were positioned on a rotating table, surrounded by information and statistics. Nearby was a full scale model of the Mercury spacecraft along with smaller scale models of Gemini, Apollo, and the Lunar module. It is unknown how many of these exhibits were used in consecutive years, though it is suspected there is some overlap, as one of my newspaper sources mentioned, in separate articles a year apart, that “20 other items” were displayed.
1966:25-27 February. Models of the Orbiting Solar Observatory, Explorer 12 and Syncom satellites were on display. A total of 20 exhibits from the three centers were on display, many of which were used the previous year. Another exhibit also showed how orbital mechanics works by displaying small models of various satellites and their respective orbits. Below is the OSO display model.
1967:24-26 February. The only source of information I have on this year’s exhibition is a press photograph I found online. However, it gives a broad, birds-eye view of what was exhibited, and much information can be inferred from it. A model Block I Apollo capsule, with a cutaway above the astronaut’s heads, was the centerpiece of the exhibit.Large models of each Apollo rocket were located behind it, larger than the models on the rotating table in the 1965 exhibit. A map of the United States showed the location of Apollo’s major contractors, near displays of each rocket and their functions. Other sections of the exhibit focused on Earth and space science and the satellites used for observations.
1968:5-7 April. The first year in the Bayfront Center saw the addition of a large, working model of the Vehicle Assembly Building, with cutaways to show the structure’s interior.
1969:7-9 February. This year’s exhibition was held less than two months after the first crewed flight to the Moon, Apollo 8. A 27-minute tribute documentary film had been created and distributed around the world, and was one of the highlights of that year’s NASA exhibit. Also in honor of the mission, a full-scale model of the Apollo 8 command module was on display; it is assumed this is different than the Block I Apollo on display in 1967. A Lunar Module model larger than previous years was on display, at one-third the size of the flight vehicle. This is seen in the image above with General Edward White Senior. Ten full-scale space probes were also on display, including a Mariner and a Surveyor.
1970:30 January - 1 February. Buzz Aldrin helped open the exhibition on 30 January. Eight main displays were the focus of the exhibit, the first held after the successful Apollo 11 landing. Full-scale models of Surveyor, Mariner IV and Apollo were on display, along with training articles of Apollo flight and EVA suits. Smaller displays focussed on Earth-sun relationships and how NASA technology benefits mankind on earth, which was especially important towards the overall mission of the Exhibition. A film touting the space agency’s major accomplishments and missions in 1969 was also shown.
1971:19-21 Feburary. The centerpiece of the NASA display was an actual moon rock gathered during the Apollo 11 mission. A full scale model of the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory was nearby.
With the culmination of Apollo two years before, and the general fall from public attention the space program as a whole received, it is not surprising that little information of the aerospace exhibition was found after 1971. The last mention I found of it in the newspaper archives was a brief mention of the NASA exhibit at the 1971 show.
My research yielded almost no information outside of the newspaper archives; therefore what I did find was limited to reporter’s article coverage of the events. Sources for this article were gathered from both the St Petersburg Times and the Evening Independent published the three days the exhibition was open. The Pinellas Manufacturers Association and Pinellas County Industrial Council both no longer exist in 2014, and other archives have turned up no results.
The Bayfront center, where the Exhibition was held from 1968 onward, was demolished in 2005 to make room for the new Dali museum. It is unclear where the NASA exhibits were taken after the exhibition ended. NASA owned all the hardware and models on display, and it is likely they were reused at other similar events across the nation. Since the materials were taken from GSFC, MSFC, and KSC, I would not be surprised if some have made their way into those NASA visitor centers. (My postulation is as follows: the Earth science displays, such as OSO and OAO, are on display at Goddard, which managed those programs. The Surveyor, Mariner and other probes, in addition to the space capsules, would be at Kennedy Space Center, while all models and displays pertaining to the Saturn rockets and Apollo program would be at Marshall, which designed them.)
It is unclear when the exhibition stopped being held; 1971 was the last year I found newspaper results for. However, since no results were given from the inaugural show in 1961 to 1965, it is unclear just how long the exhibition actually lasted.
Yes! This cute looking deer vampire exists! It’s scientific name is Elaphodus cephalopus and it’s found in high altitudes in Burma or China. They get their name from the “tuft” of hair they have on their foreheads. In the wild they are browsers and grazers, eating mainly grass or fruit. They are territorial and don’t move that far away from their homes.
Did I mention how they look like an adorable vampire? Oh I did? Oops.